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Passion And Virtue Essays On The Novels Of Samuel Richardson

Clarissa - Wikipedia
Clarissa, or, the History of a Young Lady is an epistolary novel by English writer Samuel Richardson, published in 1748.It tells the tragic story of a heroine whose quest for virtue is continually thwarted by her family and is regarded as one of the longe

Passion And Virtue Essays On The Novels Of Samuel Richardson

He for the first time formulated the theory of novel writing in theprefaces of , and followed his owndefinition with utmost consistency. Richardsons novels arestories of human life, told from within, and depending for their interest noton incident and adventure, but on their truth to human nature. The augustan age, as we have already discussed, isthe age of prose in the real sense.

In he realistically dealt with thelife of the fashionable upper strata of london society. After the closure of it is one of the finest collections of essays everwritten. It is a new genre of the romantic fiction which drew itsinspiration from the general revival of interest in medieval life and art, ingothic castles, in churches and cathedrals and in ruins.

The classical tendencies lost their hold during the second periodand there was a transition from classicism to  romanticism. Hudson good sense became the ideal of the time, and good sense meant alove of the reasonable and the useful and a hatred of the mystical, theextravagant and the visionary. Blake was a lyric poet as a lyricist he is a visionary like shelley.

So the novel was born, which mirrored thetastes and requirements of this new class of readers. His first novel (1742) began as a burlesque of the false sentimentality andconventional virtues of richardsons. The supremacy of themiddle class made it an age of tolerance, moderation and common sense.

Johnsons prose style has been variouslytermed as manly and straightforward, lucidly distinct, heavy, individual andponderous, full of mannerisms, vigorous and forceful, wearisome but lucid. Inthe eighteenth century the spread of education and the appearance of newspapersand magazines led to a remarkable increase in the number of readers. Consequently a largenumber of men took interest in publishing translations, adaptations and otherpopular works of the time.

He was capable of presentingpure comedy in such characters as adams and partridge and lower and morefarcical comedy in characters like mrs. His first poem, iswritten in the heroic couplet and deals with his wanderings through europe. A satirist is like a labourer who clears away the ruins andrubbish of an old house before the architect and builders begin on a new andbeautiful structure. The powerful dominance of the middle classesled to moral regeneration in the eighteenth century. About his contributionto prose, rickett writes indeed, his quaint whimsicality, passingunexpectedly from delicate fancy to elfish merriment, anticipates in many waysthe methods of elia and leigh hunt.


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Passion And Virtue Essays On The Novels Of Samuel Richardson

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Passion And Virtue Essays On The Novels Of Samuel Richardson The church also pursued a middle way and the religious life wasfree form strife and fanaticism. His characters are drawn with an economy of strokes,and they are utterly solid, three-dimensional characters. In english literature any writer who followedthe simple, noble and inspiring method of these writers was said to have aclassic style. Some remarkable political and social changesbegan to take place in england during the closing years of william iii and theaccession of queen anne (1702). Thetransitional poetry marks the beginning of a reaction against the rational,intellectual, formal, artificial and unromantic poetry of the age of pope andjohnson. His politicwritings consisting of his speeches and pamphlets have an abiding place inenglish prose.
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    His novels are simply strings ofadventures which are not organized into an artistic whole. Thetransitional poetry marks the beginning of a reaction against the rational,intellectual, formal, artificial and unromantic poetry of the age of pope andjohnson. Miss fanny burney(1752-1842), the first of the women novelists, is an important figure in thehistory of english novel. He is, indeed, the great pioneer of the periodical essay, andhe influenced jonathanswift (1667-1745) was the most original writer of his time. It is the personality of the herowhich has the semblance of unity to various incidents and adventures.

    Hiswriting revolves around the scientific, philosophical and metaphysical topicsin a language of literary distinction. From this inbornsympathy comes his large, tolerant way of looking at things, a view of lifethat often finds expression in raillery but never in cynicism. Williamgodwin (1745-1831) wrote inorder to give a general review of the modes of domestic and unrecordeddespotism by which man becomes the destroyer of man. Hudson writes theepithet classic, we may take to denote, first that the poets and critics ofthis age believed that the writers of classical antiquity presented the bestmodels and ultimate standards of literary taste, and secondly, in a moregeneral way, that, like these latin writers, they had little faith in thepromptings and guidance of individual genius, and much in laws and rulesimposed by the authority of the past. Long writesnow satirethat is a literary work which searches out the faults of men orinstitutions in order to hold them up to ridiculeis at best a destructive typeof criticism.

    As a pioneer of thenaturalistic reaction against the augustan tradition, crabbes place iscertainly very high. Richardson, fielding, smollett and sterne, known as the fourwheels of novel- all seem to have seized upon the idea of reflecting life asit is, in the form of a story, and to have developed it simultaneously. The germs of the periodical essay are foundin defoes which at first appeared weekly, then twice, and laterthrice a week. Walpole gave tothe gothic romance the elements on which it was to thrive for a generation tocome a hero sullied by unmentionable crimes, several persecuted heroines, acastle with secret passages and haunted rooms, and a plentiful sprinkling ofsupernatural terrors. He for the first time formulated the theory of novel writing in theprefaces of , and followed his owndefinition with utmost consistency. Miss clara reve (1729-1807) is remembered for is the only terror novel which is still famous. He was the gentle satirist whohit no unfair blow, the kind judge who castigated only in smiling. Grierson in hisfamous book asserts that thehallmark of ancient classical literature is a harmonious balance between formand substance. In it the poets put all the skill and wrote with an unimaginablecorrectness and precision. It is aliterature of the town and the fashionable upper circles of the city of london.

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    English Literature: THE AUGUSTAN AGE - Blogger

    4.1 INTRODUCTION. In literature this period is known as the Augustan age. According to Hudson the epithet ―Augustan‖ was applied as a term of high praise, because the Age of Augustus was the golden age of Latin literature, so the Age of Pope was the golde
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    . He was a moral and social reformer and aimed at correcting andteaching his age. While the satires of pope, place them with our greatliterature, which is always constructive in spirit and we have the feelingthat all these men were capable of better things than they ever wrote. The mainliterary characteristics of the age are given below  it is an age of prose, reason, good sense and not of poetry. Uncle toby and corporal trimm, which, with all theireccentricities, are so humanized by the authors genius that they belong amongthe great creations of our literature.

    After the closure of it is one of the finest collections of essays everwritten. The birth of a new spirit of inquiry was at the root ofrealism which is expressed in the novels of this period and is noticeable inthe poetry of this century Buy now Passion And Virtue Essays On The Novels Of Samuel Richardson

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    It washis task to enliven morality with wit and to temper wit with morality. Insentimental comedy tears took the place of laughter melodramatic anddistressing situations that of intrigue, pathetic heroines and serious loversand honest servants that of rogues, gallants and witty damsels. Novelas a new form of literary art offered a fresh field, in which the writers wereto work independently. Edward albert remarks if addison had pinned the together with a stronger plot, if insisted on only referring to thewidow who had stolen the knights affections, he had introduced some importantfemale characters, we should have had the first regular novel in  our tongue. The middle-class people, who had a foremost placein english life and society, wanted to read for pleasure and relaxation withoutcaring for any high classical or literary standards, and this change ofemphasis favored the growth of the novel Passion And Virtue Essays On The Novels Of Samuel Richardson Buy now

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    The poetry of this period,according to hudson, lacked inevitably the depth and grasp of essential thingswhich alone assure permanence in literature, and the quest for refinement instyle resulted too often in stilted affectations and frigid conventionalism. In the works of middle class writersclassicism shows itself slightly coloured by a moralising and secretlysentimental intension. Robert burns and william blakeare the early representatives of the new school of poetry known as theromanticism. Nicoll to revive the spirit of with the classical formula that tragedyshould represent the misfortunes of the great and comedy the frailties ofhumbler people. Goldsmith (1728-74) represents the poetic tradition of neo-classicism sofar as the use of the heroic couplet is concerned Buy Passion And Virtue Essays On The Novels Of Samuel Richardson at a discount

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    Dryden,pope and johnson pioneered the revival of classicism which conformed to rulesestablished by the great writers of other nations. Burns was influenced by the tradition of scottish poetry and the life hesaw around him. Hiswriting revolves around the scientific, philosophical and metaphysical topicsin a language of literary distinction. Crosswrites he enlarged for the novelist the sphere of character building bybringing into english fiction the attitude of the sculptor and the painter,combined with a graceful and harmonious movement, which is justly likened tothe transitions o music. His speeches collected in are distinguished by a passionate, rhetorical, brilliantand lucid style, fine and  artistic arrangement of material and thestatesmanlike insight which underlies these arguments Buy Online Passion And Virtue Essays On The Novels Of Samuel Richardson

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    The tories objected to the foreign wars because they had topay taxes to prolong them, while the trading class whigs favoured thecontinuance of war because it contributed to their prosperity. About his contributionto prose, rickett writes indeed, his quaint whimsicality, passingunexpectedly from delicate fancy to elfish merriment, anticipates in many waysthe methods of elia and leigh hunt. His first poem, iswritten in the heroic couplet and deals with his wanderings through europe. From this inbornsympathy comes his large, tolerant way of looking at things, a view of lifethat often finds expression in raillery but never in cynicism. Thenewspaper and the periodical essay encouraged a rapid, inattentive, almostunconscious kind of reading habit Buy Passion And Virtue Essays On The Novels Of Samuel Richardson Online at a discount

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    It also covers the transitional poetry along with theeminent poets of transitional poetry that breaks its umbilical cord withneoclassicism and paves ways to the forthcoming age. He is called the father of english novel because he for the firsttime propounded the technique of writing novel. Sirrichard steele (1672-1729), an original genius, founded the famous periodical, he wrote thegeneral purpose of this paper is to express the false arts of life, to pull offthe disguises of cunning, vanity and affectations, and to recommend generalsimplicity in our dress, discourse, and our behavior. Court hope, tohave almost created and wholly perfected english prose as an instrument for theexpression of social thought Passion And Virtue Essays On The Novels Of Samuel Richardson For Sale

    Difference Between Poetry And Essay

    Hudson writes finally, as the form of the novel, givesa far wider scope allowed to the corresponding form of drama for the treatmentof motives, feelings, and all the phenomena of the  inner life, it tended from the first totake the peculiar place as the typical art form of the introspective andanalytical modern world. Hudson writes it has, however, to be remembered that smollett wroteexpressly as a satirist and reformer, and that his purpose was to paint themonstrous evils of life in their true proportions and colures that he mightthus drive them home upon the attention of the public, and we must certainlyset it down to his credit that the sickening realism of the ship scenes in led directly to drastic changes for the better in theconditions in the naval service For Sale Passion And Virtue Essays On The Novels Of Samuel Richardson

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    So he became the founder ofthat highly genteel, didactic and vapid kind of play which is known assentimental comedy. Although the picaresqueelement is strongly marked in this novel, it is more than a picaresque novel. The interest in the past brought intobeing a new type of novel, known as the gothic novel, which anticipated thehistorical novel of the nineteenth century. Commenting on theco-authorship of steele and addison, rickett also writes steele brought tohis work a wide experience of life, generous sympathies and a sunny humouraddison brought a wide experience of literature, a polished style, and just apleasant tang of acidity in his humour. Thetransitional poetry marks the beginning of a reaction against the rational,intellectual, formal, artificial and unromantic poetry of the age of pope andjohnson Sale Passion And Virtue Essays On The Novels Of Samuel Richardson

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